Trumpet Creeper (Trumpet Vine)

Campsis radicans


Illustration of trumpet creeper leaves, flowers, fruits.
Trumpet creeper, Campsis radicans.
Paul Nelson
Skin irritating

Bignoniaceae (trumpet creepers)


Trumpet creeper is an aggressive native woody vine with aerial rootlets on stems that become woody with age.

Flowers are tube-shaped in terminal clusters, 5-lobed, to 3 inches long, orange, red-orange, rarely all red. Blooms May–August.

Leaves are compound, with 6–10 opposite leaflets (plus one at the tip), ovate-lanceolate, coarsely toothed, with long points.

Fruits are podlike, woody, splitting open on each side, 2–6 inches long.

The structure of the flowers and elongated pods reflect trumpet creeper’s relationship to catalpa, which is in the same family.

Similar species: Cross vine (Bignonia capreolata) occurs natively in our Bootheel counties, growing in low, swampy bottomlands and in low thickets, fields, and fencerows. If you cut a stem crosswise, the pith is in the shape of a cross (hence the name). Recognize it by its flowers, which are red to orange on the outside and yellow on the inside. It can climb up to 70 feet with the help of its forked tendrils, and its foliage persists through most of winter. The opposite, compound leaves are trifoliate, with each leaflet tapering at both ends and having untoothed, but rather wavy margins. The fruits are podlike, much like trumpet creeper's.


Stem length: to 60 feet.


Photo of trumpet creeper showing cluster of flowers
Trumpet Creeper (Flowers)
Each summer, the bright orange and red “trumpets” of this woody vine decorate Missouri’s cliff faces, telephone poles, and anything else strong enough to support it.


Photo of trumpet creeper flower with compound leaf arching nearby.
Trumpet Creeper (Trumpet Vine)
The flowers of trumpet vine are favored by hummingbirds, which cross-pollinate the flowers as they forage.
Habitat and conservation

Bottomland forests, open woods, banks of streams and rivers, cliffs, pastures, old fields, fencerows, thickets, waste places, roadsides, railroads, and other disturbed areas. Trumpet vine is well-adapted for disturbed areas, and it is commonly seen growing on telephone poles along roadsides. It is often cultivated for trellises and fences, but it can outcompete nearby vegetation and grow massive enough to collapse insufficiently supported structures.

image of Trumpet Creeper Trumpet Vine distribution map
Distribution in Missouri


Human connections

Often cultivated as an ornamental vine, but because of its aggressive growth, it is best suited for areas where it will not overwhelm other plants. It requires a strong support. Some people develop a skin rash after touching this plant, so another common name for it is “cow-itch.”

Ecosystem connections

The flowers of this plant are favored by hummingbirds, which cross-pollinate the flowers as they forage. The range of trumpet creeper nearly matches that of the ruby-throated hummingbird. The big clumps of these vines provide valuable cover for many birds and small mammals.